Agreement Antara Subjek dan Kata Kerjanya

Agreement Antara Subjek dan Kata Kerjanya

Apabila subjek-nya plural (jamak), maka kata kerjanya harus juga plural.

1. They are very happy today.
2. The boys often come late on Mondays.
3. We have studied hard to pass the exam.

Apabila subjeknya singular (tunggal), maka kata kerjanya harus juga singular.

1. He learns French every day.
2. A car has been stolen.
3. He is very happy.

Apabila dua subjek atau lebih dihubungkan dengan “and”, maka kata kerjanya harus plural.

1. The president and the prime minister are having a meeting now.
2. Jack and Henry usually go to school by bus.
3. My brother and I take a final exam.
4. My parents were at your house yesterday.

Apabila dua kata benda yang berfungsi sebagai subjek dihubungkan dengan “and”, dan menunjukkan singular person atau membentuk sebuah kesatuan makna, maka subjek tersebut berarti singular; oleh karena itu kata kerjanya harus juga singular.

1. Thruth and honesty is the best policy.
2. The poet and statesman is coming here.

Catatan:

Apabila sebelum “statesmen” ada “the”, maka berarti plural, oleh karena itu kata kerjanya harus plural yaitu “are”. Jadi,

1. The poet and the statesman are coming here.
2. Bread and butter is served for our breakfast.
3. The stars and stripes flies overhead.

Apabila subjek adalah Collective Noun, singular dalam bentuknya, tetapi yang dimaksudkan plural, maka verb-nya harus juga plural, dan sebaliknya jika yang dimaksudkan singular maka verb-nya harus juga singular.

Beberapa contoh Collective Noun:

1. congress, family, group, class, organization, team, army, committee, government, jury, club, public, dll

Contoh:

1. The committee were unable to agree. (Maksud dari kalimat ini berarti untuk masing-masing anggota, maka kata kerjanya harus jamak).
2. The soccer team wins the tournament. (Subjek kalimat ini menjadi satu kesatuan makna, bukan perseorangan, maka kata kerjanya harus tunggal).
3. The family have to give their vote. (jamak)
4. The jury agrees on a verdict. (tunggal)

Apabila dua atau lebih subjek kalimat yang tunggal digabungkan dengan:

1. either … or
2. neither … nor
3. not only … but also

Maka verb-nya menyesuaikan dengan subjek yang disebut di akhir, bukan di awal.

Contoh:

1. Neither John nor his friends are going to the beach.
2. Either John or his friends are very busy today.
3. Not only Robert but also my parents are in the office.
4. Neither my brothers nor Bob is going to class today.
5. Either my parents or his friend is busy today.
6. Not only my friends but also my cousin is in the office.

Apabila kita menjumpai frasa atau kalimat yang diapit oleh “koma, maka anggap saja frasa atau kalimat itu tidak ada dan tidak mempengaruhi kata kerja sesudahnya.

1. of – together with – from – accompanied by – with – in addition to – between – along with – among – as well as – including

Contoh:

1. Bambang, as well as his two cousin, calls me every day. (as well as his two cousin dianggap tidak ada). Jadi sepertinya kalimat aslinya adalah : Bambang calls me every day.
2. My two aunts, along with their cat, visit me on Sunday. (=My two aunts visit me on Sunday)
3. New York, together with 47 other states, votes for president. (= New York votes for president)
4. Mr. Hunt, accompanied by his wife and children, is arriving tonight. (=Mr Huntn is arriving tonight)

Apabila Indefinite Pronouns berikut ini menjadi subjek, maka verb-nya selalu singular.

1. each – somebody – anything – everybody – someone – everything – everyone – no one – another – anyone – nothing – either – anybody – much – neither – dll.

Contoh:

1. Each (of the men) was irrited with his work.
2. Everybody here knows the importance of English.
3. Nobody works harder than John does.
4. Either is likely to be fired.
5. Either of the available seats is very close to the stage.

Apabila Pronouns berikut ini menjadi subjek, maka verb-nya harus selalu dalam bentuk plural.

1. both – few – many – others – several

Contoh:

1. Several were present at the meeting but few spoke.
2. Many people write a good novel.
3. Others have tried this lock but no one has succeeded.
4. Many are called A but few are chosen.
5. Both were anxious to receive the award.

Apabila Collective Noun yang menunjukkan waktu, uang, ukuran, dan lain-lain dianggap sebagai satu kesatuan, maka predikatnya (verb) selalu singular, tetapi bila dipandang sebagai unit-unit yang terpisah, maka predikatnya (verb) harus plural.

Contoh:

1. Seven years is along time for famine. (singular)
2. Two mile is too much to run in one day. (singular)
3. Three days is not enough to complete the project. (singular)
4. These last three weeks have been full of surprise. (plural)
5. There are fifty one bills in this envelope. (plural)
6. Ninety people are registered for this course. (plural)

Apabila Indefinite Pronouns berikut ini menjadi subjek, maka verb-nya dapat dalam bentuk singular atau plural, tergantung dari kata benda yang terletak sesudah “of”.

1. all – none – enough – most – a lot – any – some – more – part

most of the
+
Plural
Countable Nouns
+
Plural Verbs
some of the
part of the
all of the
Contoh:

1. Half of the pies are left.
2. Part of the books are interesting.
3. Are all of the bales of cotton ready to be shipped?
4. All of the women have brought gifts.

most of the
+
Singular
Uncountable Nouns
+
Singular Verbs
some of the
part of the
all of the
Contoh:

1. All of the gasoline has been sold.
2. Half of the pie is left.
3. Part of the book was interesting.
4. Most of the money was saved.

Keterangan:

None dan No : Dapat diikuti oleh singular atau plural, tergantung pada noun yang mengikutinya.

1. None of the counterfeit money has been found.
2. None of the students have finished the exam yet.
3. No example is difficult for you.
4. No teachers go on strike.

“a number of + Plural Nouns + Singular Verbs” dan “the number of + Plural Nouns + Plural Verbs”

Contoh:

1. The number of people in the room is ninety-two.
2. A number of people have enrolled this course.
3. A large number of applicants are already here.
4. The number of days in a week is seven.

Apabila kata-kata berikut ini menjadi subjek, maka verb-nya selalu tunggal.

1. clothing – economics – equipment – scenery – mumps – news – Philippines – furniture – behavior – knowledge – traffic – ethics – civics – athletics – dll

Contoh:

1. The news is important.
2. Economics was widely used.
3. Knowledge is power.
4. Statistics was my favorite subject in college.

Apabila kata-kata (noun) berikut ini menjadi subjek, maka verb-nya selalu dalam bentuk plural.

1. belongings – proceeds – tactics – clothes – remains – thanks – goods – riches – wages
2. pants – scissors – trousers – pliers – suds – tongs – shorts – jeans – glasses

Contoh:

1. These scissors cut through heavy cardboard.
2. Tim’s clothes are on the bed; his pants, however, are in the closet.
3. My new pliers grip firmly.
4. The tactics she employed were highly effective.

Gunakan “a pair of” (sepasang), untuk mengubah kata-kata di atas menjadi Singular.

Contoh:

1. A pair of pants is in the drawer.
2. The pair of pliers was on the table.
3. This pair of scissors is dull.

Beberapa Noun berikut ini digunakan untuk menunjukkan group/kelompok hewan tertentu yang mempunyai kesamaan dalam jenisnya, sehingga dianggap singular, maka verb-nya harus singular.

1. flock of birds, sheep school of fish, herd of cattle, pack of dogs, pride of lions, troop of lions, dll.

Contoh:

1. The herd of cattle is breaking away.
2. The school of fish is being attached by sharks.
3. The flock of birds is circling overhead.

Apabila “every”, “many a” dan “each” digunakan sebelum subjek, maka verb-nya selalu singular.

Contoh:

1. Every boy and girl on the team is a top student.
2. Many a worker looks forward to the weekend.
3. Each window and door was locked securely.

Apabila sebuah kalimat dimulai dengan gerund (verb + ing), maka verb-nya selalu singular.

Contoh:

1. Not studying has caused him many problem.
2. Writing many letters makes he happy.
3. Dancing is very popular today.

“Here” dan “There” bukan tergolong subjek. subjek kalimat yang diawali dengan “here” dan “there” terletak sesudah verb-nya, maka verb-nya harus menyesuaikan dengan subjek yang ada.

Contoh:

1. Here is your book.
2. Here are your books.
3. There has been an increase in the import of foreign cars.
4. There are soldiers in the battle field.

Kata benda berikut ini berasal dari bahasa Latin dan dalam bentuk plural, maka verb-nya selalu plural.

1. alumni – larvae – radii – criteria – alumnae – minutiae – stimuli – data – agenda – phenomena – synopses – vertebrae

Contoh:

1. Your criteria are valid for judging these data.
2. The alumni of Oxford University come to the meeting.

Bila suatu bilangan pecahan atau persentase digunakan sebagai subjek, maka verbnya dapat berbentuk singular atau plural, tergantung pada kata benda yang terletak sesudah “of”.

Contoh:

1. Two-fifths of our profits go to reinvestment.
2. Three-fourths of the house is now ready.
3. Fifty percent of his crop is soy beans.
4. Twenty-five percent of the students work after school.

Bila subjek kalimat berupa judul buku, artikel, film, drama dan lain-lain, dan nama perusahaan, negara Berta organisasi, maka predikat (verb-nya) selalu singular meskipun kelihatannya subjek itu plural.

Contoh:

1. The immigrants is a fine Bergman film.
2. The Netherlands is located in Western Europe.
3. Passages, by Gail Sheeky, won the best seller list for months.
4. General Motors Company has declared a dividend.
5. The Girl Scouts has its headquarters near my office.

Bila subjek berupa Frasa Kata Depan, maka predikatnya menyesuaikan dengan kata yang terletak sebelum “of”.

Contoh:

1. The study of languages is very interesting.
2. Several theories on this subject have been proposed.
3. The view of these disciplines varies from time to time.
4. The danger of forest fires is not to be taken lightly.
5. The effects of that crimes are likely to be devastating.
6. The cost of new houses is rising every day.

Bila subjek kalimatnya berupa kata sifat yang ditambah dengan “the”, maka predikat (verb)-nya selalu dalam bentuk plural.

Contoh:

1. The unemployed are losing hope.
2. The poor are trying to find the aid.
3. The rich have collected money for the blind.

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