Adverbial Phrase

Adverbial Phrase

Adalah phrase yang digunakan/berfungsi sebagai adverb, yakni menerangkan kata kerja.

Contoh:

* He shouted on house top.
* Henry fishes in the big lake.
* He put the money into his pocket.

Adverbial Phrase dapat juga digunakan untuk menyatakan (mengekspresikan) beberapa hubungan; seperti mengekspresikan hubungan waktu (expressing a relation of time), place (tempat), manner (cara), degree (tingkat/derajat), cause (sebab akibat), purpose (tujuan/maksud), condition (syarat), atau concession or contrast (pertentangan).

Perhatikan contoh-contoh kalimat berikut ini:

1. Menunjukkan Hubungan Waktu.

* She has been ill since two days ago,
* We have been studying English for three years.

2. Menunjukkan Hubungan Tempat.

* I live near the school.
* He hurried into the classroom.
* The children’s toys were all over the room.

3. Menunjukkan Hubungan Cara.

* He cut it with a knife.
* She writes an angry letter in red ink.

4. Menunjukkan Hubungan Tingkat.

* I love her very much.
* You must study English more diligently.

5. Menunjukkan Hubungan Sebab Akibat.

* She was injured because of the bus accident.
* I was late because of the rain.
* Your father is very angry with you for staying out so late.

6. Menunjukkan Hubungan Tujuan.

* She has come to tell you the latest news.
* I leave for Jakarta to buy some books.

7. Menunjukkan Hubungan Pertentangan.

* In spite of the rain he went out.
* Regardless of the weather she always brings an umbrella.

8. Menunjukkan Hubungan Syarat.

* We’ll go if necessary.

Berdasarkan kata-kata pendahuluannya (introductory words or pivot word) phrase dapat diklasifikasikan menjadi 4 macam, yaitu:

1. Prepositional Phrase.
2. Principal Phrase.
3. Infinitive Phrase.
4. Gerund Phrase.

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