Impersonal IT

Impersonal IT adalah Kata ganti “IT”. It seperti kita tahu selama ini bahwa kata yang menggantikan kata benda, binatang atau hewan atau orang yang tidak diketahui jenis kelaminnya. Untuk lebih jelasnya tentang penggunaan IT di dalam Grammar Bahasa Inggris, silahkan perhatikan penjelasan di bawah ini:

Impersonal “IT” biasanya digunakan:

A. Sebagai “Pronoun” (kata ganti) yang menggantikan kata benda tunggal. Bentuk jamak dari “It” adalah “They”

* Look at that cat; It is eating a mouse.
* I buy a book; it is an English book.
* I have two cars; they are in the garage now.

B. Sebagai Preparatory (pendahuluan/pengantar kalimat) bila digunakan untuk menyatakan sesuatu yang berhubungan dengan:

* Waktu, hari, tanggal, hari, dan sejenisnya.
* Situasi atau Keadaan.
* Jarak.

1. Waktu

* It is seven o’clock.
* It is Saturday today.
* What is the date today? It is the second of April today.

2. Situasi atau Keadaan

* It is sunny today.
* It can be very warm in October
* It rained for four days.
* It’s a fine day.

3. Jarak

* How far is it to Jakarta? It is sixty-three kilometers.
* It’s five miles to the nearest garage.
* It’s far to the museum.

C. Sebagai Introductory atau Preparatory subjek atau objek, bila subjek atau objek dari kalimat adalah Infinitive atau Clause.

1. Adjective/Participle dengan “that-clauses”.

Participle. (“that-clauses” yang menyatakan Rekasi Emosi).

Contoh:

* It shocked me that Elizabeth didn’t tell anybody where she was.
* It worried me a bit that she didn’t phone.

Adjective dan Participle lainnya yang biasanya digunakan dengan “that-clauses” adalah: amazed, angry, certain, confident, dispointed, pleased, proud, sad, alarmed, annoyed, astonished, sorry, dll.

Dan juga Adjective lain yang mempunyai a Prepositional Phrase sebagai Complement, seperti: certain of, annoyed at, pleased with, dll.

Adjective

Contoh:

* It is interesting you should like her.
* It’s true that she never turned up.
* It’s possible that we’ll a bit late.
* It appears that William might change his mind.
* It seems obvious that we can’t go on like this.

Beberapa Adjective lain yang sering digunakan dalam kasus ini adalah” certain, evident, likely, obvious, probable, dllc. “That-clause” yang menyatakan Reaksi Emosi dan dugaan “putative” idea disusun seperti tersebut di atas, dapat pula menggunakan kata-kata berikut ini: curious, extraordinary, fortunate, important, odd, sad, alarming, disconcerting, embarrassing, fitting, irritating, shocking, surprising, dll.

Adjective dengan “to-infinitive”

Contoh:

* To remember all of my classmates is difficult. ( = It is difficult to remember all of my classmates )
* To be with you is nice. ( = It is nice to be with you)
* To meet you again is so glad. ( = It is so glad to meet you again)

Beberapa Adjective yang wring digunakan dalam bentuk seperti tersebut di atas adalah: difficult, impossible, good, glad, delighted, important, wise, wrong, necessary, clever, kind, naught, rude, silly, cruel, easy, dll.

D. Sebagai Preparatory Subject .

Contoh:

* It doesn’t interest me whether you succeed or not.
* It wasn’t very clear what she meant.
* It’s a mystery what he sees in her.
* It’s surprising how many unhappy marriages there are.

E. Sebagai a preparatory subject untuk : for + object -+ infinitive

* It’s impossible for us to go by car.
* It will suit me best for you to arrive at about ten o’clock.
* It’s essential for the classrooms to have plenty light.
* It’s important for me to join the club.

F. Sebagai Preparatory Subject dengan bentuk “-ING”.

Contoh:

* It was nice seeing you.
* It’s crazy her going off like that.
* Is it worth reserving a seat?
* It’s not much good expecting Mary to help.

G. Menunjuk kepada Nothing, Everything, All serta subject lainnya yang tidak pernah digunakan dalam Question Tags.

Contoh:

* Nothing happens, does it?
* Everything has now been revealed, hasn’t it?
* Nothing can stop us now, can it?
* This is the first bus, is it?
* Nice day, isn’t it?

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