PAST CONDITIONALS

PAST CONDITIONALS
Past Real Conditional

RUMUS

* [If / When … Simple Past …, … Simple Past …]
* [… Simple Past… if / when … Simple Past …]

PENGGUNAAN

Past Real Conditional menggambarkan apa yang biasanya Anda lakukan dalam waktu tertentu di situasi nyata kehidupan Anda. Hal ini menjelaskan bahwa kebiasaan Anda tadi telah berubah dan Anda biasanya tidak lakukan akhir-akhir ini.

Contoh:

* If I went to a friend’s house for dinner, I usually took a bottle of wine or some flowers. I don’t do that anymore.
* When I had a day off from work, I often went to the beach. Now, I never get time off.
* If the weather was nice, she often walked to work. Now, she usually drives.
* Jerry always helped me with my homework when he had time. But he doesn’t do that anymore.
* A: What did you usually do when it rained?
B: I usually stayed at home.

CATATAN

Bentuk “used to” menggambarkan suatu ide bahwa sesuatu yang merupakan kebiasaan lama telah berhenti dan tidak lagi dilakukan di masa lalu. Bentuk ini bisanya digunakan dalam kalimat Past Real Conditional untuk menekankan bahwa dulunya itu adalah kebiasaan.

Contoh:

* If I went to a friend’s house for dinner, I used to take a bottle of wine or some flowers. I don’t do that anymore.
* When I had a day off from work, I used to go to the beach. Now, I never get time off.
* If the weather was nice, she used to walk to work. Now, she usually drives.
* Jerry used to help me with my homework when he had time. But he doesn’t do that anymore.
* A: What did you usually do when it rained?
B: I used to stay at home.

If / When

“if” dan “when” digunakan dalam Past Real Conditional. “if” digunakan untuk menjelaskan tentang suatu perkerjaan atau aktivitas yang jarang terjadi di masa lampau. Sedangkan “when” digunakan untuk menjelaskan suatu aktivitas dulunya sering terjadi.

Contoh:

* When I had a day off from work, I usually went to the beach.
* I regularly had days off from work.
* If I had a day off from work, I usually went to the beach.
* I rarely had days off from work.

Past Unreal Conditional

RUMUS

* [If … Past Perfect …, … would have + past participle … ]
* [… would have + past participle … if … Past Perfect …]

PENGGUNAAN

Past Unreal Conditional digunakan untuk membicarakan situasi yang menjadi imajenasi di masa lampau.

Contoh:

* If I had owned a car, I would have driven to work. But I didn’t own one, so I took the bus.
* She would have traveled around the world if she had had more money. But she didn’t have much money, so she never traveled.
* I would have read more as a child if I hadn’t watched so much TV. Unfortunately, I did watch a lot of TV, so I never read for entertainment.
* Mary would have gotten the job and moved to Japan if she had studied Japanese in school instead of French.
* If Jack had worked harder, he would have earned more money. Unfortunately, he was lazy and he didn’t earn much.
* A: What would you have done if you had won the lottery last week?
B: I would have bought a house.
* A: What city would you have chosen if you had decided to move to the United States?
B: I would have chosen Seattle.

Penggunaan “If”

“if” digunakan dalam Past Unreal Conditional sedangkan “when” tidak dapat digunakan dalam bentuk ini.

Contoh:

* I would have bought that computer when it had been cheaper. Not Correct
* I would have bought that computer if it had been cheaper. Correct

Conditional Dengan Modal Verbs

Perhatikan bentuk Modals dalam Conditional di bawah ini:

1. would have + can = could have
2. would have + shall = should have
3. would have + may = might have

Kata “can,” “shall” dan “may” tidak dapat digunakan dengan “would have.”

Contoh:

* If I had gone to Egypt, I could have learned Arabic.
* If she had had time, she might have gone to the party.

Kata “could,” should,” “might” dan “ought to” sudah termasuk dalam Conditional, jadi tidak perlu Anda gabungkan dengan “would have.”

Contoh:

* If I had had more time, I could have exercised after work.
* If he had invited you, you might have gone.

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