Past Perfect Tense

Past Perfect Tense adalah Tenses ketujuh dalam Bahasa Inggris. Secara sederhana Tenses ini diartikan sebagai bentuk waktu yang menjelaskan tentang suatu Kejadian, Peristiwa atau aktivitas yang telah terjadi di masa lampau sebelum kejadian lain berlangsung atau terjadi.

Rumus:

A. Kalimat Verbal
(+) Subjek + had + V3 + dll
(-) Subjek + had + not + V3 + dll
(?) Had + subjek + V3 + dll?

B. Kalimat Non-Verbal
(+) Subjek + had + been + dll
(-) Subjek + had + not + been + dll
(?) Had + subjek + been + dll?

Contoh:

* I had finished my work.
* You had stopped before I did.
* She had not gone to school.
* We had not left.
* Had you arrived?
* Had they eaten dinner?

Kapan kita menggunakan Past Perfect Tense?

Tense ini mengekspresikan tindakan di masa lalu sebelum tindakan lain terjadi, namun kejadiannya di masa lampau.

Perhatikan:

* The train had left when we arrived at 9 am. (Mungkin kereta apinya berangkat jam 8:45)

Pola di bawah ini biasanya digunakan dalam Tenses ini:

* Past Perfect Tense before Simple Past Tense
* Past Perfect Tense when Simple Past Tense
* Simple Past Tense after Past Perfect Tense

ATAU

* Before Simple Past Tense, Past Perfect Tense
* When Simple Past Tense, Past Perfect Tense
* After Past Perfect Tense, Simple Past Tense

Perhatikan contoh kalimat di bawah ini:

* She had called the police before I came.
Before I came, she had called the police.
* Andy had gone to sleep when I arrived home.
When I arrived home, Andy had gone to sleep.
* I came to the party after he had invited me.
After he had invited me, I came to the party.

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