Principial Phrase

Principial Phrase

Adalah ungkapan yang mengandung participle yang biasanya berfungsi sebagai adjective.

* Not knowing anyone in town he felt very lonesome.
* Having finished his assignment, he went home.
* Having lost all my money, I went home.
* Student arriving late will not be permitted to enter the lecture hall. (Arriving late menjelaskan student.)
* We heard the children crying.

Arti atau pengertian dari kalimat yang mengandung Participial Phrase dapat menun�jukkan:

1. Waktu

a. After (sesudah)

* Having finished all the work, she went home. (Setelah dia menyelesaikan semua pekerjaan, dia pulang.)

b. While or When ( = ketika)

* Walking along the street, I met a friend whom I had not seen for along time. (Ketika saya berjalan sepanjang jalan, saya bertemu teman yang telah lama saya tidak berjumpa.)

2. Sebab Akibat

* Having worked hard all his life, he decided to take a long vacation. (Karena dia telah bekerja keras sepanjang hidupnya, maka dia memutuskan untuk mengambil liburan panjang)

Tetapi kadang-kadang dapat juga menunjukkan pengertian waktu dan sebab bersama�sama.

* Having eaten too much, he became sleepy. (Karena dia makan terlalu banyak, dia jadi mengantuk)

Perhatikan beberapa contoh berikut:

* Needing some money to buy a book, Ali cashed a check. (= Because he needed some money to buy a book, Ali chased a check.)Being unable to afford a car, she bought a bicycle. Unable to afford a car, she bought a bicycle. (= Because she was unable to afford a car, she bought a bicycle.)

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