Suffixes

Suffix artinya “Akhiran”.

Berikut ini adalah beberapa contoh akhiran yang sering muncul dalam Bahasa Inggris.

-able, -ible (DAPAT) = membentuk Adjective

* breakable
* washable
* moveable

-able, -ible (PANTAS) = membentuk Adjectives

* an admirable person
* an acceptable answer

-ion, -ation, -ition (AKSI/KONDISI) = Membentuk Kata Benda

* obsession
* admiration
* repetition

-en (Me…kan) = Membentuk Kata Kerja

* You can sweeten your drink with honey or brown sugar.
* If your belt is too tight then loosen it.

-ful (PENUH) = Membentuk Adjectives/ Nouns

* a colourful picture
* a powerful person
* a tearful child
* a painful illness
* a truthful person
* two spoonfuls/spoonsful of sugar
* a mouthful of tea
* a houseful of people

-ify, -fy (Me…kan) = Membentuk Kata Kerja

* to simplify
* to intensify
* to beautify
* The cement had solidified

-ism (ISME) = Membentuk Kata Benda

* fanaticism
* fogeyism
* sexism

-ist (Orang yang melakoni) = Membentuk Kata Sifat dan Kata Benda

* Marxist philosophy
* a feminist
* a sexist

-ize, (Me…kan) British dan Australia biasanya -ise = Membentuk Kata Kerja

* to modernize (=to make modern)
* to centralize

-less (TANPA) = Membentuk Adjectives

* Something without meaning is meaningless.
* He has no friends at all – he is friendless.

-ment (..an) = Membentuk kata benda

* strong government
* successful management
* a great achievement

-ness (Ke…an) = Membentuk Kata Benda

* sadness
* nervousness
* selfishness
* kindness
* the causes of homelessness

-ship (Per…an) = Membentuk Kata Benda

* lordship
* partnership
* craftsmanship
* friendship

-ward (Kearah) = Membentuk Adjectives

* At least we’re walking in a homeward direction.
* The living room has seaward facing windows.
* Take the northward road.
* At last, to our great joy we were sailing landward.
* Move onward three squares.

-wise (Berhubungan Dengan)

* What shall we do foodwise – do you fancy going out to eat?
* Moneywise, of course, I’m much better off than I used to be.
* What do we need to take with us clothes-wise?
* We were very lucky weather-wise yesterday.

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